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Dental agenesis: what it is, causes and consequences. What are the most suitable treatments to have beautiful teeth and above all a complete set of teeth.
Dental agenesis is a fairly common pathology and is characterized by the lack of one (single agenesis) or more teeth (multiple agenesis). Generally, it is diagnosed during childhood, and more precisely between 6 and 10 years.
Dental agenesis can involve the entire dentition; in this case we are talking about anodontia. The causes of this pathology are not due to poor hygiene or dental care. It is a congenital problem that can also be hereditary. The consequences are functional, aesthetic and unfortunately also economic
In general, dental agenesis does not involve the entire dentition, but only the incisors and premolars. Who presents this pathology should intervene promptly to avoid a worsening of the situation; in fact, it can be remedied by replacing missing teeth or correcting the arch. For sure, it will improve the self-esteem of those affected.
Dental agenesis, causes
As already mentioned, dental agenesis can have a hereditary dental connotation but the causes are also to be found elsewhere. This disorder is not always evident easily; for this reason it is good to perform an orthopanoramic radiography to identify it.
Among the most common causes we have physical obstruction or interruption of the dental lamina; condition that prevents the tooth from forming properly. Over time, this can fall off or pop out incompletely.
Another cause is due to the lack of space in the dental arch. In these cases, the teeth tend to overlap precisely due to the lack of space in the arch. An impediment in the tooth formation process can also lead to this disorder; some teeth may not be able to complete their natural cycle.
Types of dental agenesis
Although it is known that dental agenesis causes the loss or malformation of some teeth, this pathology can take on different stages. Below are the various stages of the dental anomaly.
- Hypodontia: it is the least severe, it is characterized by the absence of 1 to 6 teeth
- Oligodontics: in this case more than 6 teeth are absent and the situation can even get worse
- Anodonzia: it is the most serious stage, total absence of teeth.
In the case of hypodontia and oligodontics, tooth loss can occur only in one side of the mouth or on both sides. In the first case we speak of unilateral agenesis, in the second we speak of bilateral agenesis
A quarter of the population has wisdom teeth agenesis. In this case, there is no need to worry; the dentist will perform a panoramic X-ray to check that there are actually no wisdom teeth.
Dental agenesis, treatment
Having beautiful teeth and above all a complete set of teeth is vital for your physical and emotional well-being. It is understandable and legitimate to run for cover! The diagnosis of dental agenesis rests exclusively with the dentist. Once the diagnosis has been made, three paths can be followed taking into account age and final goals
The orthodontic intervention
It consists in closing the spaces left empty by the missing teeth through the use of fixed or mobile orthodontic appliances. Subsequently, a restraint device is associated to "accustom" the teeth to the new situation. In this case, the use of prostheses is avoided and the natural teeth are preserved
Classic removable prostheses are used. It is less invasive and cheaper than the fixed implant.
Implantology is the most frequent treatment in the case of dental agenesis; it is used when the teeth are damaged or fallen out. It consists of inserting titanium screws into the jaw bone and then applying fixed prostheses. Today it is perhaps the most recommended therapy but some aspects must be considered; how much space is available and the age of the patient.
The state of health of the gum is a factor not to be underestimated if you opt for this solution. For this reason it is always advisable to rely on trusted doctors. And speaking of gums, we advise you never to neglect oral hygiene, since it is one of the main causes of gingivitis.
PLEASE NOTE: to ensure that the result is in line with your expectations, it is very important to rely on a professional who has already treated other cases of dental agenesis.