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The instructions onhow to plant a hedge in the garden, from the excavation to the number of plants to buy. Fertilizer, soil preparation and useful tips for guaranteed rooting!
When to plant a hedge: the best time
When to plant a hedge?
The best time to plant the hedge:
- September and October (between late summer and early autumn)
- March and April (in spring, after the risk of late frosts)
If August is the ideal month to produce the cuttings of hedges of evergreen shrubs, September (better in the middle) is the period in which the hedges they are planted in open ground (it can also be done in spring between March and April) taking advantage of the fact that the soil is no longer dry but not yet impregnated with autumn rain. Let's see what to do.
How to plant a hedge
Plant a hedge new is a fairly simple operation that can also be tackled by a non-professional. It is more a matter of following a series of simple instructions.
Typically, the ones you buy to plant are hedge plantsobtained forcutting. In addition to proper care, you should make sure you have good cuttings to plant. Before theplantingyou will have to prepare the ground. Let's see all the details.
How to prepare the ground
For this operation a fork can be used if the ground is already loose and the hedge it's not that long.
Otherwise, a walking tractor or motor hoe can be useful because the ground has to be moved for about forty centimeters. In practice, a deep working of the soil is necessary, by hand digging is carried out for 30 - 40 cm of depth.
As mentioned, processing should be easier if done in September or spring with soft soil. The loose soil is then raked on the surface to equalize the surface.
By taking advantage of the deep tillage of the soil, you can incorporate manure, well mature compost or other organic fertilizer.
How to plant the hedge
Once the soil is ready, holes are dug to plant every single plant that will make up the hedge. Planting holes are carried out at the predetermined distance. If you have not added any fertilizer during the deep digging phase, you can still do it: at the bottom of the hole you can add compost, natural fertilizer or mature manure. Be careful, however, not to let the roots of thehedge plantwith fertilizer.
How to plant a straight or curved hedge
To maintain the correct alignment of the hedge, straight or curvedbe it, it may be useful to pull a wire attached to two or more stakes along the planting line. If the wire is strong (for example galvanized wire) it can also serve as a brace for the seedlings taking care, as you continue with theplanting, not to tie it too tightly to the main stem of the hedge plant.
How to plant the hedge, plant by plant
After placing the plants, the holes are closed with the earth. It is very useful to form a slight basin near the stem because in doing so the rainwater and water from the irrigation will be easily conveyed towards the roots.
How to water the hedge
Once the planting is completed, it is necessary to proceed with abundant irrigation. In the first few weeks, above all, it is necessary to ensure that there is no lack of water, without stagnation but with a level of humidity that is always fairly high. Especially if the new one hedge it is located in a position exposed to the sun, which in September or with the advancement of spring can be intense.
How to mulch the hedge
It is not essential, but it helps. Before proceeding to planting of the hedge a breathable sheet can be extended as a mulch layer. It will protect the new seedlings from weeds and help maintain the right degree of humidity.
How to plant a hedge: how many plants you need
Choose the right number ofhedge plants to plantit is a simple operation. Here's what to consider:
- Size of plants at maximum development
- Size of the plants at the time of purchase
- Length of desired hedge
- Money to invest
If the budget to invest formake the hedgeis small, it is worth buying young, poorly developed cuttings. The young cuttings will take time to develop, therefore, for the first year or even for the first few years, the hedge will show a little bare. Young cuttings are inexpensive but require a little more patience: you have to wait for them to reach maximum development and do so afterplanting.
If there is no budget limit, it is possible to buyhedge plantsalready well developed. Plant onehedge ready for usehas a great advantage: the hedge will appear dense and compact from the first planting.
In any case, to calculate the number of plants, simply divide the desired hedge length by the size of the plants at the ideal moment of development.
Typically, it is the nursery that recommends the number of plants to plant for a hedge, based on the length and type of hedge plant chosen.