Gum arabic: what is it for

Gum arabic: what is it for

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Arabic gum, a natural product that is obtained from the trunk and branches of the Acacia, only of some species, actually, of Acacia, from the Senegal one, or Acacia varek, and from that Seyal. This substance exudes in the true sense of the word, from this plants, and is at first soft. Shortly after it hardens, coming into contact with the open air, it is then collected already solid and then purified and marketed and ... use it!

There Arabic gum it is used in various sectors, but it is also distinguished by its origin: there are the Nile, Somalia, Morocco, Australia and Senegal which today is the largest producer.

Gum arabic: what is it for

This substance is mainly used in the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and paint industries. It is also found in soft drinks and gummy candies to prevent the crystallization of sugars but lately we try to replace it with other substances. There are also some who use gum arabic artists, those who use watercolors or who make lithographs, and shoe polishers since in small quantities it is also found in transparencies.

Unbeknownst to them, even smokers come into daily contact with this gum because it is contained in the adhesive strip to be moistened with saliva which is part of the cigarette papers.

If we are not part of these categories, we encounter gum arabic especially at the table, included in many products not only to prevent crystallization of sugars, but also to emulsify fats favoring their homogeneous distribution in the product. Has the property of stabilizing the foam and improving spreadability, maintains aromas, humidity, flavors and color uniformity.

Compared to starch, it has half the calories and makes food products last longer, plus it does not create problems even for those with celiac disease because it does not contain gluten. To understand if a food contains gum arabic or not, we must look for the acronym E414.

Liquid gum arabic

It is actually liquid only when oozes from the trunk and branches of plants that produce it, as soon as it is in the open air it becomes solid and, now that it reaches our hands, it is already in the form of flakes. Their appearance is irregularly rounded, they are amber color, more or less dark depending on the area of ​​origina and the level of purity. Depending on the area of ​​use, it can also be used in flakes, granules or powders, however, they are usually white or at most yellowish. There are also rarer cases where it appears dried and sprayed.

Gum arabic powder

The powder is perhaps the most practical form with which to proceed with the purchase of this gum. Also on Amazon it is possible to refuel: a package of 100 grams of gum arabic powder 100% pure and natural costs less than 9 euros. In this format it can be used for aromatherapy or to make skin care products or.

Gum arabic in wine

It is also present in wine and studies are underway to understand if it is capable of alter the volatility of some aromatic compounds. Its main function in this context is to help the tartaric stabilization process but can interact negatively with other substances, in subsequent oenological operations, especially during filtration.

Gum arabic hurts

Being one natural substance that the plant creates spontaneously to heal an external wound, it does not hurt and is considered a mucilaginous antidiarrheal and an emollient, in fact it is often used against dysentery or some enteritis.

Worn out in doses of up to 10 g, it could also be a prebiotic but tests are still underway on these useful properties for the health of our intestine.

Gum arabic: price

On Amazon, online but also in the shops where it is sold, not so often in truth, rubber does not have a high price but depends on the shape, purity and origin. From the chemical point of view it is one mixture of calcium, magnesium and potassium salts of arabic acid but from sector to sector it becomes more or less precious.

Natural gum arabic

It is natural because it is supplied by plants belonging to the family of leguminous mimosoidee, the Acacias typical of sub-Saharan Africa. The production of gum arabic occurs above all in correspondence of an alternation of rainy periods with others of drought or parasitic attacks. Even if the trunk is incised, it exudes this substance to heal sooner.

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You may also be interested in:

  • Natural emulsifiers
  • Food emulsifiers: acronyms to know
  • Guar gum
  • Natural rubber

Video: Gum Arabic - The Basics of Food Gums (June 2022).


  1. Jael

    Sorry for interfering ... I am familiar with this situation. Write here or in PM.

  2. Colin

    I'll die of laughter

  3. Gore

    Cool! Thank you! ;)

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