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The agency asked the Argentine State to reconsider the exploitation of Vaca Muerta.The UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR) asked the Argentine government to reconsider the use of the fracking technique and warned that the environmental consequences of large-scale hydrocarbon exploitations in Vaca Muerta will be irreversible.
In theConcluding observations on the fourth periodic report of Argentina, released days ago, the experts also expressed their concern about the contributions to climate change.
Climate change and extra-territorial obligations
- The Committee expresses concern about the plans for the large-scale exploitation of unconventional fossil fuels (shale gas and shale oil) through hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in the Vaca Muerta region in the province of Neuquén, considering that the exploitation The total, with hydraulic fracturing, of all shale gas reserves would consume a significant percentage of the global carbon budget to reach the goal of 1.5 degrees Celsius warming, stipulated in the Paris Agreement. The Committee is concerned that this hydraulic fracturing project contradicts the State party's commitments to the Paris Agreement, with a negative impact on global warming and the enjoyment of the economic and social rights of the world population and future generations. (1 (1) and 2 ((1))
- The Committee recommends that the State party reconsider the large-scale exploitation of unconventional fossil fuels through “fracking” in the Vaca Muerta region to ensure compliance with its obligations under the Covenant, in light of the commitments of the Paris Agreement . Likewise, the Committee encourages the State party to promote alternative and renewable energies, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and establish national goals with benchmarks defined over time.
- In this regard, the Committee draws the attention of the State party to its statement of October 8, 2018, on climate change and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
The Committee recommended that the Argentine government “reconsider the large-scale exploitation of unconventional fossil fuels through 'fracking' in the Vaca Muerta region” to guarantee compliance with the assumed climate commitments and estimated that “the total exploitation of all reserves of shale gas [from Vaca Muerta] would consume a significant percentage of the global carbon budget to reach the goal of 1.5 degrees Celsius warming, stipulated in the Paris Agreement ”.
The committee of experts that drafted the document also recommended that the Argentine State “adopt a regulatory framework for 'fracking', which includes evaluations of its impact in all provinces, preceded by consultations with the affected communities, and with appropriate documentation of its effects on air and water pollution, radioactive emissions, risks to health and safety at work, effects on public health, noise pollution, light and stress, seismic activity that can trigger , threats to agriculture and soil quality, and to the climate system ”.
Given the forcefulness of the Observations of the UN ESCR Committee, the signatory organizations and individuals urge the Argentine authorities to take note of the warnings made by this body and to act accordingly. Likewise, it would be extremely important that these warnings are also considered by the governments of the region where projects for the extraction of hydrocarbons are promoted throughfracking.
Latin American Alliance Against Fracking
Inter-American Association for the Defense of the Environment (AIDA)
Justice and Peace Team - JPIC Claretian Missionaries Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay
Oilwatch Latin America
Solidarity and Mission- Claretian Missionaries of America (MICLA)
Link for Energy and Socio-environmental Justice, Argentina.
Ecological Action, Ecuador
Action for Biodiversity, Argentina
La Maga de Tucumán Retirees Association, Argentina
FeTERA Flores Association, Argentina
Friends of the Earth - Argentina
Friends of the San Rodrigo River, A. C., Mexico
General Alvear People's Assembly, Mendoza, Argentina
Environmental Citizen Assembly, Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos, Argentina
Assembly for Water in San Rafael, Mendoza, Argentina
Assembly for Pure Water of Las Heras, Mendoza, Argentina
Free Collective and Community Health Chair of Good Living: Correcting Inequalities. Faculty of Health Sciences- National University of San Luis, Argentina
Community Mental Health Chair. Faculty of Health Sciences. University of Mendoza, Argentina
Center for Documentation and Research Bolivia - CEDIB, Bolivia
Censat Agua Viva - Friends of the Earth Colombia
La Revuelta Feminist Collective - Argentina
Collective for the Coordination of Socio-Environmental Actions - CASA Collective, Bolivia
Collective for the Protection of the Province of Sugamuxi, Colombia
Youth Socio-Environmental Collective of Cajamarca - COSAJUCA, Colombia
Tinta Verde Collective, La Plata, Argentina
Environmental and Peasant Committee of Cajamarca and Anaime, Colombia
Environmental Committee in Defense of Life, Colombia
Mapuche Confederation of Neuquén Zonal Xawvnko, Puelmapu (Argentina)
Compromiso Corporation, Colombia
Marabunta Social and Political Current, Río Negro-Neuquén, Argentina
Federação de Órgãos for Social and Educational Assistance - FASE, Brazil
Environmental and Social Forum of Patagonia - Comodoro Rivadavia, Chubut, Argentina
Thinking Horizontes Forum, Mendoza, Argentina
Construir Foundation, Bolivia
Terram Foundation, Chile
Digna Economics Study Group GEED, Colombia
Institute of Education, Training and Research IFCI-FESPROSA, Argentina
Lof Campo Maripe, Neuquén, Puelmapu (Argentina)
Lof Fvta Xayen, Neuquén, Puelmapu (Argentina)
Lof Kelv Kura, Neuquén, Puelmapu (Argentina)
Lof Newen Kura, Neuquén, Puelmapu (Argentina)
Lof Newen Mapu, Neuquén, Puelmapu (Argentina)
Movement for the Right to Health - MDS Mesa Nacional, Argentina
Socio-Anthropological Core of the Patagonian Institute for Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences (IPEHCS)
Observatory of Environmental Conflicts of Compromise, Colombia
Observatory of Mining-Energy Expansion and Re-stocks, Colombia
Petrolero Sur Observatory, Argentina
Bolivian Platform against Climate Change, Bolivia
Research project: Dialogue of experiences and resistance practices in social and educational organizations. Faculty of Human Sciences- National University of San Luis, Argentina
Research project: Epidemiological study in the Villa de San Carlos: health from social determination in a peripheral neighborhood. DIUM- University of Mendoza, Argentina
REDES - Friends of the Earth Uruguay
Information Science, Society and Culture Seedbed, Colombia
SINALTRAINAL Barrancabermeja, Colombia
Union of Light and Power of La Pampa, Argentina
Union of Light and Power of Mar del Plata, Argentina
Union of Light and Force of Zarate, Argentina
Union of Sanitary Works Workers of Chubut - Sitaposs, Argentina
Union of Oil Workers of the Province of Córdoba - AGTPAC, Argentina
Ecologist Workshop, Rosario, Argentina
Córdoba Energy Workers - OTECH, Argentina
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